Adenoids in children: symptoms and treatment
In the cold season, adenoids in children are more often inflamed, each parent should know the symptoms and treatment. A number of symptoms are similar to other diseases. Therefore, if it is possible to accurately determine the inflammation of the adenoid in children, then complications can be avoided. After all, the disease progresses, and the child suffers. Inflammation is divided into 3 degrees, as well as three forms: acute, subacute and chronic. If you find symptoms of adenoid in children, then seek treatment immediately. The sooner you start treatment, the faster and easier it will flow. Launched forms are often treated with surgery.
Causes of adenoids in children;
Adenoids in children are signs;
Treatment of adenoid in children;
Causes of adenoids in children
Before finding out the causes of adenoids in children, you should understand what it is. Adenoids are called the nasopharyngeal tonsil, which has increased in size. She is responsible for immunity and guards the body. The nasopharynx is like a gate through which microbes, infections, and bacteria can penetrate during inspiration. This tonsil neutralizes enemies. Lymphoid tissue develops protection and reports its findings to the whole body so that it is ready. Inflammation of adenoid in children most often occurs in the period from 3 to 7 years. During this period, the body is modified and rebuilt.
Causes of adenoids in children:
Diseases accompanied by inflammation of the nasal mucosa and tonsils. These include acute inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract: tonsillitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia. It can provoke flu, measles, scarlet fever.
Features of the formation of the body. The child grows and often visits public places, contacts with different people and animals. Its immune system produces more antibodies that fight unwanted microorganisms. The nasopharyngeal tonsil is under tremendous strain, therefore it becomes inflamed and enlarged.
Adverse environmental conditions. The prolonged action of negative factors debilitates the immune system. As a result, inflammation of the lymphatic tissue begins. First of all, the nasopharyngeal tonsil suffers. It becomes inflamed, but not due to infection, but because of dust, gassed air and chemicals.
Malformations. Perhaps there was a violation during the development of the fetus inside the womb. There are many reasons: increased background radiation, chemicals in the air, exhaust fumes. It provokes a deviation from the use of alcohol during pregnancy, falling, or severely transferred diseases. It is believed that the problem can be inherited. There is no evidence of this.
Allergy. Inflammation of the adenoid in children with allergies is often observed.
Adenoids in children signs
Adenoids in some children do not show signs, in others the symptoms are obvious. If you suspect strange changes similar to those described below, then contact a specialist. It is impossible to make out enlarged tonsils on their own. Need special tools.
Adenoids in children signs:
Increase in body temperature to the level of 37-38 ° C. When an infection enters the body, protective functions are activated. This process is accompanied by an increase in temperature. Malicious microorganisms secrete waste products – toxins. If the disease is prolonged, then the body is constantly struggling with them and eventually weakens. The inflammatory process in the nasopharynx begins.
Labored breathing. Usually parents notice the problem precisely on this basis. The tonsil is so dilated that it makes breathing difficult through the nose. If you ask the patient to inhale through the mouth, then there is no problem. He breathes easily and calmly. How hard it will breathe – depends on the degree of enlargement of the tonsils in the nasopharynx. The child often begins to breathe through the mouth, thereby overdrying the mucous membrane. The progression of the disease can be determined immediately – it is becoming increasingly difficult to breathe.
Runny nose, nasal discharge. Quite often, with adenoids in children, symptoms of a runny nose are manifested. Allocations are watery or purulent. If the child is already ill, and the runny nose is preserved, then you should think about it. This may be caused by the use of vasoconstrictive nasal drops, sprays, or adenoids. Redness gradually appears in the area of the wings of the nose and peeling. This is due to the frequent use of a handkerchief and irritation to mucus from the nose.
Dry cough. Adenoids irritate cough receptors. A barking cough begins without sputum production. In the morning, a productive cough is possible, because during sleep, mucus from the nasopharynx lowered.
Change of voice and manner of conversation. May start talking less. Avoid long answers and stories. He suffocates during a stormy conversation or begins to cough. Starts to say “in the nose.”
Attacks of suffocation in a dream, snoring. When the enlarged tonsil blocks the flow of air, the baby usually opens its mouth. But in a dream, this is not so simple. Therefore, the baby may periodically suffocate.
Sleep disturbances. There is not enough oxygen; he cannot normally inhale the necessary portion of air.