Symptoms of pneumonia in a child
It is important for parents to know the symptoms of pneumonia in the child in order to take action in time. Pneumonia (pneumonia) can lead to dangerous complications. Inaction or inappropriate treatment leads to them. It is easy to make a mistake with medications, because there are many diseases with similar symptoms. It is often difficult to determine exactly what the baby is sick with; everything else, pneumonia is divided into types. When the child noticed the first symptoms of pneumonia, then immediately go to the doctor.
Signs of pneumonia in a child
Depending on the age, the child may have different signs of pneumonia. Usually the first signals of the disease begin on the behavioral side. Then parents notice that something is wrong with their health.
Infants (children up to 1 year old)
The signs of pneumonia listed below can be combined with symptoms in children and older. So check out both categories.
Weakness in movements and behavior;
hardly sucks a breast or a bottle;
frequent spitting up after eating;
loose stools, diarrhea;
the skin becomes pale, the nasolabial part may turn blue;
panting, shortness of breath.
It is necessary to show the baby to the doctor as soon as possible. Inflammation of the lungs can progress. The result may be a breathing problem due to pulmonary edema, heart failure.
Children from 1 year
The temperature rises to 38-39 degrees;
coughing fits. At first it is dry, barking. Sputum of orange-brown color is allocated in scanty amounts. Gradually, the cough turns into wet;
runny nose. As a rule, it starts with highlighting a transparent color. Later, the color changes to yellow or green. This usually occurs on day 3-4 of the illness;
shortness of breath occurs with coughing, crying, or minor exercise;
breathing may be accompanied by whistling, wheezing. It is detected during auscultation;
possible loss of appetite or the amount of food consumed;
trouble sleeping. The child falls asleep with difficulty, restless sleep, with frequent awakenings. It happens the opposite, a child quickly falls asleep and for a long time;
the face or body has become pale, cyanotic (cyanotic shade). When the baby cries or coughs, the nasolabial part turns blue. All this is a consequence of oxygen deficiency;
naughty, often crying;
gets tired quickly;
She doesn’t want to play even her favorite games and toys;
Symptoms of pneumonia in a child without fever
It happens that pneumonia in a child proceeds without temperature, while retaining symptoms. This often happens in infants. They have not yet formed a process of thermoregulation. A disease without fever can occur after viral or infectious diseases, as a result of a weakened immunity.
This is an insidious disease, because when the baby does not have a fever, parents usually calm down. If he feels bad, there are symptoms of the disease, then the absence of the body’s reaction – temperature, should, on the contrary, alert.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia in a child without fever. To the symptoms above, the following may be added:
The nostrils and wings of the nose open too much when inhaling;
frequent shallow breathing. Remove clothes from the baby and lay on a flat surface. Watch his breathing. Rapid breathing should alert, one side of the chest moves faster than the other when inhaling;
If the body still does not have enough oxygen, then the child tries to find a comfortable pose for inspiration. He tries to find support with his shoulders and arms;
Increased contractions of the heart muscle to 100-110 per minute;
Call a doctor right away if you see these symptoms. Describe the problem in detail. Even if this is not pneumonia, then this condition is not typical for a child and may indicate no less dangerous diseases.
Remember, the reaction of the parents is important to the child. Keep calm and hide concern. Otherwise, the baby also begins to worry that something is wrong with him. Create a relaxed atmosphere. Distract conversations, fairy tales, soothing light strokes on the arm, back, until the doctor arrives.
Dr. Komarovsky in the video tells what symptoms can determine pneumonia in a child.