The norm of hemoglobin in children
Got the baby’s tests and want to understand if everything is normal with hemoglobin? We will help you deal with the results of medical research! Read what values this indicator can take and at what point to start sounding the alarm. Each time, receiving a blood test of our child, we try to figure it out on our own. However, it is difficult for mom and dad, who do not have a medical education, to understand if there is a difference between ROE and ESR, as evidenced by an increased platelet count and what is the normal hemoglobin level in children.
We propose today to consider in detail the last question, so that parents do not have questions.
What is hemoglobin?
It is formed in red blood cells (red blood cells), which, when inhaled, are saturated with oxygen. Its task is very important – it combines with oxygen molecules and delivers them to those tissues that need it. In addition, he takes carbon dioxide from the cells and transfers it to the lungs so that a person exhales it.
We want to note right away: if the results obtained are higher or lower than the hemoglobin norm in children by age, then this is not the root cause of the presence of any diseases, but their manifestation. Various reasons can cause deviations – an unbalanced diet, devoid of most vitamins and minerals, various diseases that the children’s body suffers. However, whatever the reason, the result is often anemia, which just manifests itself in low hemoglobin levels.
How to find out your hemoglobin
The simplest blood test, which is done in a regular district children’s clinic, is able to determine this indicator. For the reliability of the result, and the subsequent correct comparison with the table of hemoglobin rates in children, some rules must be observed. For example, you can not eat before the procedure for 8-12 hours. That is why such tests are carried out early in the morning, on an empty stomach. It is better not to eat fatty and sweet foods in the last few days before analysis. On the eve of the study, abandon sports and other extreme physical exertion.
This analysis is simple, and the next day its results will be in the hands of alarmed parents who want to find out if there are any deviations. The hemoglobin level is indicated at the top of the sheet, it is usually given the second line.
What hemoglobin levels are normal for a child
The rate of hemoglobin in children varies depending on age, and this should be taken into account. Regulatory indicators can be found in the following table.
As you can see, immediately after birth, the hemoglobin rate in children is very high by age. But the reduced value in babies who have not yet turned a year old is normal, and parents should not worry about this. The older the transition age, the closer the values of the indicators to adult parameters.
What are the causes of level deviations and how to eliminate them
Various factors influence the hemoglobin level:
For the smallest – the duration of gestation (premature babies may have problems with this indicator);
Lifestyle (especially manifested in the puberty);
Change of season (in the off-season, hemoglobin can sharply decrease);
Area of residence (hemoglobin is higher among mountain residents, in contrast to the plains population).
When adolescents enter puberty (puberty), the rate of hemoglobin in children begins to vary, depending on age. Boys have higher hemoglobin levels than girls.
Even if the obtained value in your baby is far from the norm of hemoglobin in children from the table, this is not a reason for alarmism. No need to rush to the pharmacy and buy medicines. In any case, your child should see a doctor. He will be able to establish the exact cause of the deviations and find a solution to the problem. Everything else belongs to the category of self-medication, which can turn into deterioration. You may be prescribed additional studies or immediately prescribed drugs that help fight this state of things.