Chronic tonsillitis: symptoms and treatment of the disease
Chronic tonsillitis (CT) is common after a recent sore throat. It can also provoke any other infectious disease in which inflammation of the throat mucosa has been observed. Often people confuse chronic tonsillitis with tonsillitis. In fact, angina is the popular name for acute tonsillitis, which usually precedes the chronic form. In chronic tonsillitis, the lymphoid tissue of the tonsils of the pharynx is affected. In rare cases, the focus of infection can be localized on the tonsils, or lingual. An acute inflammatory process is observed, which is repeated throughout the year. Most often, children are affected by an illness, ranging from 15 to 63% of cases, depending on the time of year. Treatment should be started immediately, because other diseases develop against the background of the ailment. Among them are diseases of the skin, eyes, kidneys, and thyroid gland.
The root cause of chronic tonsillitis is infection. Most often, pathogens are: staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes virus, hemophilus bacillus, chlamydia, fungi. What could have preceded the disease?
A recent sore throat or other infectious disease. In rare cases (about 3%), CT appears without this premise.
Untreated inflammation of the tonsils due to the early withdrawal of drugs, the wrong choice of drugs.
Severely transferred ailments of the paranasal sinuses. In this area, a focus of infection could remain, which continues to develop and the infection spreads to the tonsils.
Chronic catarrhal rhinitis.
Respiratory problems through the nose. If for some reason the child breathes through his mouth, then his mucous membranes of the nasopharynx dry out. Immunity becomes weaker, which means that the body is susceptible to infections.
Subcooling, including local. A good reason to wear a scarf or sweater with a throat in winter.
Deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
The cause of chronic tonsillitis can be an external factor: constant dust in the house or wool, a rare wet cleaning in the room. Also, an adverse climate affects if the air is too dry or gassed.
Chronic tonsillitis: symptoms
In simple terms, this disease has two forms: simple and toxic-allergic. With the first form of chronic tonsillitis, symptoms are observed that are characters of angina.
Sore throat, discomfort when swallowing, feeling of constriction.
The throat upon examination is bright red, white or yellowish purulent plugs are noticeable on it. They can be in the form of bubbles, or merging patterns.
Tonsils are inflamed and carried away in size.
Under the lower jaw, lymph nodes are enlarged. There may be pain on palpation.
At the onset of the disease, body temperature can be moderate from 37 to 38 degrees. In some cases, it can be accompanied by a sharp increase up to 40 degrees.
General weakness, malaise, and headaches are expressed.
Loss of appetite.
Exacerbation of symptoms of chronic tonsillitis provoke:
lack of sleep
lack of vitamins.
Treatment of chronic tonsillitis
The chronic form of tonsillitis is treated comprehensively. It is necessary to consult a specialist who will make an accurate diagnosis and determine the nature of the disease. After that, he can choose a treatment regimen for chronic tonsillitis. An effective technique includes two areas: exposure to the focus of inflammation, increasing local and general immunity. Treatment courses for chronic tonsillitis are carried out twice a year. It is advisable to do this in spring and autumn, when exacerbations are most often observed. If angina is repeated more than 2 times a year, then treatment is carried out more often.
Antipyretic at high temperature. Children should not be given aspirin and other drugs based on the component – they can lead to Ray syndrome.
To wash the tonsils, as well as to irrigate the throat. Use antiseptic rinses, as well as antimicrobial sprays.
Antiseptic tablets for resorption (for children from 5 years old), as well as lozenges (from 12 years old) can alleviate the condition.
They recommend inhalation. It is most effective to carry them out with a nebulizer. The specialist selects the drug for the solution, based on the etiology of the disease.
Means to enhance local immunity.
Before buying the drug, be sure to consult with a specialist. It is necessary to take into account contraindications, dosage and follow the course of treatment. Also, the remedy may be ineffective against a specific microbe. The doctor takes into account all the nuances.
A complete or partial removal of the tonsils can be a radical treatment. As a rule, they resort to surgical intervention only in extreme cases, if conservative treatment does not help.