Pharyngitis: Symptoms and Treatment of Red Throat Disease
Symptoms of pharyngitis do not differ in age, therefore, the manifestations are the same for adults and children. Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the throat. Soreness may vary, for example, if there is sinusitis or SARS in the supplements, then it will be harder to tolerate. This is due to the fact that the symptoms of a second disease also join the symptoms of pharyngitis.
Causes of Pharyngitis
Most often it is inhaled air, or rather its temperature. Pharyngitis, in both children and adults, can be caused by hot, but often cold air. Remind your child to breathe with his nose, not his mouth, while walking. The reason may be too hot or very cold dishes. The temperature of the food should be normal, and ice cream should be eaten gradually. The disease can be caused by viruses, fungi (Candida), pathogens, for example, streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci. Also, symptoms of pharyngitis are observed with sinusitis, rhinitis, or caries. This is because the infection spreads beyond its site of inflammation. Another cause of pharyngitis can be trauma to the pharynx, the presence or removal of a foreign object.
Symptoms of Pharyngitis
But you need to consider that it is divided into two types: acute and chronic. In the first case, there is an aggressive irritant. The chronic form manifests itself if acute pharyngitis is not treated, or if the mucous membrane of the throat is constantly irritated. A distinctive feature of the chronic type is that there are stages of exacerbation and remission.
Symptoms of pharyngitis depend on the nature of the disease.
A sore throat. Feeling scratched or scratched. A child may complain that it hurts to swallow food or drink. Starts to whisper.
In this regard, the appetite disappears.
Dry cough, as if tearing in throat.
Increase in body temperature to 37.5 – 38 degrees.
If you examine the throat, it will be red. Sometimes you can see small ulcerations.
The child becomes lethargic. Very small babies can cry and be naughty.
If pharyngitis develops against the background of any disease, then its symptoms are added. So, if a child or adult has the flu or SARS, then their symptoms are also observed. The temperature can rise above 38 degrees, difficulty breathing, weakness, headaches.
Often, people confuse the symptoms of pharyngitis and tonsillitis (tonsillitis). With tonsillitis, inflammation of the tonsils is observed, and with pharyngitis, inflammation spreads further. It is with pharyngitis that perspiration and dry cough are observed.
Treatment of pharyngitis
In both adults and children, treatment of pharyngitis begins with the elimination of the cause of the disease. You need to get an appointment with a doctor so that he establishes the etiology of the disease. If pharyngitis is caused by bacteria, then antibiotics are prescribed. To kill the infection, recommend:
Gargle several times a day, depending on the chosen remedy. Children can make infusions for rinsing from plant components. You can also use saline, soda with salt, chamomile infusion.
Antiseptic sprays or aerosols for the throat. They need to irrigate the tonsils and the back of the pharynx. See the list of drugs in the article “How to treat a red throat in a child.” Antiseptic lozenges and lozenges are also suitable, but consider the baby’s age and contraindications. These are not harmless sweets from the pharmacy, so even they need to be agreed with the pediatrician.
If pharyngitis is provoked by sinusitis or other inflammation of the nasal mucosa, then treatment should begin with this problem. You should visit an ENT doctor to prescribe local remedies to eliminate bacteria.
If pharyngitis has developed against a background of another disease, then an appropriate course of treatment is needed. For example, with the flu prescribed antiviral drugs, and pharyngitis treated locally.
Keep the humidity indoors. You can purchase a special room humidifier, water indoor flowers, you can hang a damp towel on the battery at night.
Ventilate the room where the patient is located, but do not create drafts.
If pharyngitis is caused by external irritants, for example, smoke or gas contamination, then special protection should be worn. It happens that the climate of residence does not suit a person: the air is too cold or too dry and hot. In this case, it is advisable to change the place of residence. Choose a region with milder climates. In order to prevent the disease, do not allow hypothermia or overheating. From childhood, begin to temper the throat of the child. Then it is less likely that he will fall ill in the autumn-winter period due to cold air. Visit your dentist regularly, otherwise caries will remind you of itself, bringing pharyngitis to visit.