Bronchitis: symptoms in adults and children. How to treat bronchitis
Symptoms of bronchitis in children and adults do not differ. A disease of the respiratory system has the same symptoms, but the intensity of the manifestation may vary. In children and adults with weak immunity, the symptoms of bronchitis will be more difficult to leak. This is a common disease in people of any age, especially in the autumn-winter period. Bronchitis often accompanies ARVI or the flu, or occurs later. In some cases, the disease develops independently.
Forms of bronchitis
Bronchitis has two forms, depending on what causes the inflammatory process in the bronchi. If a blockage occurs in them due to swelling of the mucous membrane, then the disease becomes “obstructive”.
Acute bronchitis. Most often caused by an infection, viral or bacterial. Despite this, it is enough to eliminate the symptoms, and you do not need to resort to antibiotics.
Chronical bronchitis. Appears as a result of acute complications. Another reason may be prolonged contact with a non-infectious irritant, such as dust. In this case, the treatment will be ineffective, if not exclude the provoking factor.
Symptoms of bronchitis
Symptoms of acute bronchitis are observed for about 10 days. In both children and adults, it begins with a dry cough. He is especially worried at night, thereby depriving him of a full sleep.
After a few days, a dry cough becomes productive – it is moist and sputum begins to stand out.
Coughing may be so intense that vomiting is possible. Especially if a coughing fit occurs after eating.
During this period, the patient rises in temperature, the head may begin to hurt, he feels tired. After some time, all these unpleasant symptoms go away, but the cough remains. It may bother for a few more weeks, and some will remain for several months. It all depends on the speed of healing of the bronchial tract after inflammation.
Children become lethargic, tearful, loss of appetite.
If severe symptoms persist, then this indicates a bacterial infection.
Before treating, you need to determine the form of the disease and be sure to visit a doctor. The specialist will establish an accurate diagnosis and prescribe an effective treatment for bronchitis. If coughing has been bothering you for more than a month, then you need to consult a pulmonologist. The specialist will find out if you have irritation for an external cause. If this is not done, then systemic irritation of the bronchial pathways can result in asthma.
Coughing is good. Thanks to him, the body is freed from sputum. Therefore, antitussive drugs cannot be used as treatment. The respiratory system must be cleaned. Sputum should be of such a consistency that it is easier to cough. Avoid thick or very thin sputum.
How to treat bronchitis:
Drink fluids more. A plentiful drink allows you to make sputum the desired consistency.
Humidify the room by 40-60%. If there is dry air in the room, then the cough will intensify and dry the airways. You can use a humidifier.
The treatment of bronchitis is not bed rest, but rather more movement. Physical activity does not allow stagnation of sputum, and accordingly, the risk of bacteria multiplying is reduced.
Walking on the street is a double benefit. This is both hydration and physical activity.
Breathing exercises. There are no age restrictions. You can learn some exercises and ask the child to repeat them after you.
Vibration massage, it is also called percussion.
Acupressure, can be combined with a warming ointment. In this case, you need to massage the point R1 on the foot.
You can do teips at will.
Treatment of bronchitis with drugs:
Only a doctor prescribes antibiotics if a bacterial infection is confirmed. If you take them “just in case”, without urgent need, this will lead to resistance. Pathogens will be resistant to the drug. This increases the risk of bacterial and fungal complications.
If difficulty is observed on exhalation, then this may indicate obstruction – strongly narrowed bronchi. In this case, drugs are prescribed to expand them. For example, Berodual.
You can not treat bronchitis with drugs that block coughing, for example, Sinecode. Then sputum remains in the body and there is a risk of pneumonia.
If bronchitis is not complicated by acute respiratory viral infections, then mucolytics are not used in the treatment of children under 4-6 years old. This group of drugs in this case increases the likelihood of pneumonia.
In the treatment of bronchitis, interferons, immunostimulants and lysates are not effective.