Swelling of the legs during pregnancy: causes, and what to do
Edema of the legs during pregnancy is encountered by expectant mothers quite often. For some, the problem appears already in the third trimester, while for others it is somewhat earlier. Swelling of the legs during pregnancy reduces the quality of life: it’s hard to walk for a long time, discomfort may appear even during rest, you can’t wear your favorite shoes. This condition can signal malfunctioning of organs and the presence of diseases. This can affect the health of the mother, and, accordingly, during pregnancy. You should immediately begin to solve the problem.
Swelling of the legs in pregnant women is a natural physiological condition. It is provoked by hormonal changes in the body of the future mother. These changes lead to the accumulation of fluid in the tissues, which are especially observed in the lower extremities.
Edema does not necessarily occur on both legs, but can only be on one. This means that only the pelvic vein is compressed on one side only.
A pregnant woman needs to follow a number of measures that allow fluid to be eliminated from the body in time, and also contribute to the outflow of fluid from the limbs. Otherwise, edema can lead to fetal hypoxia.
Causes of leg swelling during pregnancy
The baby is growing, his weight is increasing, as is the volume of amniotic fluid. For this reason, fluid in the body begins to circulate more slowly. Compression of the internal organs and veins leads to stagnation of the fluid. This is primarily manifested in the lower extremities.
It usually happens in the later stages of the gestational period. Gestosis cannot be ignored, otherwise it can lead to preeclampsia, a more serious condition. The main signs of preeclampsia are swelling of the extremities, nausea, dizziness, feeling like you will faint, cramps, high blood pressure. Itching is observed in the area of edema, as well as diarrhea. This condition is potentially dangerous for the expectant mother and the baby itself. A qualified specialist can diagnose and select treatment.
The condition is provoked by high blood pressure. Preeclampsia is a complication of gestosis. Its possible consequences include: impaired functioning of the kidneys, liver, convulsions are possible. The treatment regimen is developed by a specialist, and requires strict adherence to recommendations.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, varicose veins may appear. Often this condition is accompanied by swelling of the legs. The walls of the veins become weaker, the valve apparatus works worse. As a result, bruises, venous “stars” or “patterns” appear. Pregnant women with high water or a large fetus note that the veins can grow and crawl out.
Varicose veins during pregnancy cannot be treated on their own. There are various remedies in pharmacies against this problem: from tablets, drops to ointments. However, even if they are plant-based, such as horse chestnut, during pregnancy they may be contraindicated. Only a specialist can choose the treatment that is safe for you.
Disturbances in the work of the heart provoke a violation in the bloodstream, and fluid congestion. Heart failure can be caused by various reasons: hereditary cardiological diseases, gestosis, coronary insufficiency, heart disease. Heart failure can be recognized by puffiness not only of the legs, but also of the neck, hands, face. The liver also enlarges, shortness of breath, cough, pain in the region of the heart or under the right rib occurs. In rare cases, heart failure is indicated by bitterness in the mouth – a consequence of a malfunction in the liver.
Renal failure can lead to swelling of the legs during pregnancy. Also its signs include swelling of the eyelids and face after waking up, there may be problems with the toilet in a small way. For example, urine changed color to brighter or darker, they often go to the toilet or rarely vice versa. All this may indicate a violation in the work of the kidneys. An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a specialist based on research results.
The habit of sitting wrong
During pregnancy, it is recommended not to sit cross-legged or cross-legged. This disrupts the rush of blood to the pelvis, and also disrupts the outflow of fluid from the legs.
Pregnant women really need to lower their level of physical activity and a number of exercises are contraindicated for them. But daily walks must be. There are also many sports adapted for pregnant women, for example, yoga, swimming, fitness, aerobics, dancing.
It is known that in any person, salt leads to fluid stagnation. Edema usually appears on the eyelids, lips, and less frequently on the extremities.