Neonatal screening of newborns. Mandatory examination in the hospital
The baby literally just came into the world, and doctors say that neonatal screening is needed. Young mothers who have not heard about this can be frightened by some manipulations with the child. If we say that everything will be fine and this is important for the baby, this is unlikely to calm my mom. You just need to explain how and why neonatal screening for newborns is done. I will talk about this in this article.
What is neonatal screening for newborns for?
Neonatal screening (NS) of newborns is included in the list of mandatory examinations in the maternity hospital. It can be carried out only after the parents give their consent. No way without it. Why is it needed and why should not refuse an examination?
Neonatal screening allows you to find out if a newborn has hereditary ailments. This includes: adrenogenital syndrome, galactosemia, congenital hypothyroidism, cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria. I will not waste time with the readers of Imom.me, telling how they appear, lighten and heal. I’ll warn you that they are all dangerous for the baby’s life.
The NA allows you to find out if there is a threat in the early stages. This makes it possible to start treatment on time, to begin disability prevention. The study helps prevent the progression of diseases and the development of severe complications. Thanks to neonatal screening of newborns, deaths due to hereditary diseases are reduced.
These are good reasons for mom and dad to agree to the National Assembly.
How to conduct an examination. When the results are announced
A blood sample is taken from the baby’s heel. If the child is full-term, then this is done on the 4th day of life. In case of prematurity, then on the 7th day. Blood sampling is carried out on special filter paper test forms. After that, they are sent to the medical-genetic center, in which specialists conduct research. It takes no more than 10 days from the day the baby took a blood sample.
Do not worry if you are not informed. Usually, the results are said if a hereditary disease is detected in a newborn. If a month has passed, but they haven’t said anything to you, then everything is fine.
If the examination yields a positive result, then this does not in all cases mean that the child is really sick. The doctor will give parents a referral for an additional examination with the appropriate specialist.
Today, often mothers with a newborn are discharged for 3 days from the hospital. If you were discharged early, but the neonatal screening was not done, then be sure to tell the pediatrician about this. As a rule, this moment should be indicated in the statement, but still it is better to make sure.
Now you know how to do neonatal screening in newborns and why it is needed. I hope this information helps you in choosing whether to give consent.