Lose the taste of life: the main symptoms of depression
The term depression is often used in relation to a depressed state. But in fact, this is a serious mental disorder that requires immediate professional treatment.
In some cases, it is only a short-term spleen or stress. This is not depression in the medical sense of the word. At the same time, sometimes the disease can be carefully veiled and proceed “with a smile on his face.”
Often people come to the doctor complaining of causeless chest pains, shortness of breath, cramping, but after the examination they get a referral to a neurologist or psychotherapist. And when diagnosed, “depression” can be extremely surprised. That is why it is important to clearly understand what signs indicate depression.
Mental disorder is distinguished from mood swings and stressful conditions by three key points:
Deviations in thinking, difficulties in perception of the world. All judgments are pessimistic.
A depressed state that lasts for a long time. For example, for a month a person does not experience positive emotions from what previously gave him pleasure.
Motor inhibition. A person becomes lethargic and inert.
In addition, the manifestations of depression are not limited to just a bad mood. One of the hallmarks is the development of psychosomatic complications. This means a deterioration in physical condition.
Often “depression” is mistakenly called a woeful condition resulting from external stress factors: loss of loved ones, divorce, problems at work or in personal life. But in this case, the term “demoralization” is more likely to apply. Usually a bad mood is caused by reminders of the grief inflicted. It is periodic in nature and does not affect social functions for too long.
Signs of Depression
All external manifestations of this mental disorder are divided into several groups:
These include any destructive feelings: guilt, anger, pessimism, suffering, lack of self-confidence. Gradually, a person loses the ability to enjoy the little things, or those things that previously liked.
Physiological manifestations affect any organs, as well as the central nervous system, cardiovascular and digestive. A person in depression has a nervous tic, a decrease in appetite and libido, insomnia, muscle pain.
Deliberate restriction of communication with loved ones, isolation and desire for loneliness, reduced productivity. Frequent alcohol consumption is associated with the development of the disorder.
Inhibition of perception, slowness, an unpredictable reaction to external stimuli, or its complete absence are observed. More and more often thoughts of suicide arise.
In some cases, signs of depression are associated with other factors and conditions in a person’s life. Cancellation of potent drugs, the period of treatment for dependence leads to the manifestation of the same depression, aggression, loss.
Symptoms of Depression
It is important to understand the difference between the signs and symptoms of depression. In the first case, we are talking about signals that should alarm the environment or the person himself. Their presence encourages you to see a doctor.
Symptoms are medical in nature. They help the therapist not only diagnose the presence of depression, but also determine its category. After all, there are several varieties of mental depressive disorders.
According to the medical nomenclature, all the symptoms can be divided into primary and secondary.
Under the main manifestations are understood external expressions of the disease:
Long-term chronic fatigue, which lasts at least a month
Anhedonia – lack of interest in everything that previously brought pleasure
Sadness and depression, not caused by specific reasons
Additional concern emotions and frequent thoughts, as well as psychosomatics:
Persistent anxiety or fear
Feeling dissatisfied with yourself, your life
Obsessive thoughts of death
Distraction, lack of interest in work
Loss of appetite, eating disorders, nighttime snacks
Increased drowsiness or insomnia
To confirm the diagnosis, a combination of two main and three additional symptoms is enough.
It is worth noting that similar signs of depression can be observed in children. Since according to statistics it is precisely in adolescence that such disorders are observed due to a hormonal surge. Academic performance decreases, nightmares and aggressiveness appear.
If depression is tied to a specific period of life, then the symptoms appear in a clear period of time. For example, seasonal exacerbation most often affects autumn or spring. People prone to recurrence of the disorder try to monitor their condition.