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Problems with the stool of the newborn. How does the baby’s intestines function?

Newborn stool is the most talked about topic among young parents. If it is not difficult for us to understand our “deeds”, then with children everything is different. Moms look at the diaper and don’t understand: “is it normal or is it time to call an ambulance?” Parents of the baby need to understand what is happening with the intestines of the child and how to react to it correctly. What is the difference between the intestines of a newborn and an adult? Which stool is considered normal, and for what symptoms should I see a doctor?

How does the intestines of the newborn function?

Do you know what the main role is in the intestines? Many will say that digestive. But this is both true and false at the same time. Having worked as a neonatologist and resuscitator, I came to the conclusion that the main function of the intestine is immune. The motor and brain of immunity are the intestines.

It consists of the same embryonic tissue as the brain. It has a lot more nerve endings and fibers than in the brain. Therefore, it can be given a significant part of the function in the central nervous system. And the nervous system is directly connected with the immune system in order to recognize inflammation in the body in time, quickly react, localize and eliminate. Surprisingly, this function is performed by our intestines.

However, many pediatricians underestimate the function of the intestines, turning a blind eye to some symptoms in babies, saying: “By three months, everything will go away, just tolerate it.” But if you study this process in more detail, you can find a number of points that will help the child establish digestion as quickly as possible.

A healthy intestine is of great importance for the whole baby’s body. It provides:

strong immunity;
good digestibility of nutrients;
good digestibility of breast milk.
Children who have a debugged intestinal tract system are less likely to get sick and even easier to tolerate various infectious diseases. The intestines absorb more healthy proteins, fats, hormones and trace elements that allow the baby to develop properly.

A baby is born with a sterile intestine. That is why it is necessary from the first minutes of a newborn’s life to apply it to her mother’s breast. This allows you to quickly debug the digestion of the child and ripen the intestines.

The intestines of a baby are longer than those of an adult, and its walls are thinner. Therefore, everything that gets into it is absorbed faster. The intestines of an adult have thicker, “wise” walls and do not pass everything. Hence, in children, episodes of food poisoning and allergic reactions more often occur.

Problems with stool in newborns

It is very important when the digestive system works without failures in both an adult and a child. But sometimes many young mothers, looking in the diaper to the baby, simply can not understand if her newborn’s stool is normal or is it time to consult a doctor? How to determine if there are problems or not?

With breastfeeding
First, it all depends on whether you are breastfeeding or breastfeeding with a mixture. If the baby is fed breast milk, then the color of his stool can be absolutely anything. At least all 50 shades of yellow. Green, brown. yellow, light, dark – all this is normal.

The regularity of the stool can also be completely different. If the child is emptied once every 5 days, but at the same time he is not capricious and does not knock with his legs, then everything is fine with him. No need to circle over it with a vent tube or rectal suppositories. It’s just that your milk is very well absorbed and there’s simply nothing for the baby to walk around. You can even be proud of yourself – the efficiency of breast milk is high! And if the baby stains the diaper 5-7 times a day, then there is nothing wrong with that either. For breastfeeding, this is the norm.

When feeding a mixture
If you are feeding your baby with baby formula, then his stool should be regular, and ideally once a day. At the same time, stool retention within normal limits is a maximum of one day and, in rare cases, two days.

In this case, the color of the chair should be uniform yellowish, a greenish tint is allowed.

When should you beware?
Regardless of the type of feeding the baby, these symptoms should alert parents and become an occasion to visit a pediatrician:

frothy stools;
as hard as sheep feces;
offensive;
liquid like water.
Also a prerequisite for the proper functioning of the intestine should be an adequate weight gain of the baby.

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