Symptoms of a concussion in a child
Such head damage as concussion very often manifests itself in children. Moreover, a head injury (traumatic brain injury) is in the first position in pediatric traumatology, requiring urgent arrival at the hospital and hospitalization.
It is very difficult for an adult to find the differences between a bruise and a concussion, with children it is a little easier. But the severity of the injuries is usually more dangerous precisely for the child, since his body is not yet fully formed, so the probability of injury increases several times. About 100 thousand children from six months to 10 years old are hospitalized every year with brain injuries. Therefore, it is so important to be able to distinguish between the symptoms and signs of concussion in a child.
Concussion is one of the mildest forms of traumatic brain injury. And most importantly, when it is discovered, more rest. However, it is the baby concussion that is so easily confused with the usual shock, without any consequences.
Types of traumatic brain injury:
moderate (contusion of the brain, mild to moderate. Fractures of the bones of the cranial vault are possible);
severe (severe bruises of the brain, hematomas, fractures).
However, up to 90% of cases do not reach the moderate and severe forms.
Causes of a concussion in a child
The causes of a concussion in a young child are increased activity, curiosity and fearlessness. All this, combined with poorly developed motor skills and coordination, can lead to careless injury. Also, despite the fact that the children are very small in height and weight, the head has a relatively large weight, and the arms are not yet developed to the extent that they are exposed, protecting the rest of the body.
Injuries in newborns.
Yes, that really happens. Due to the carelessness or carelessness of adults, a child may fall from the changing table, bed, stroller and even hands. At this age, it is extremely undesirable to leave the baby alone for a long time, and if nevertheless it is necessary, the bed and stroller should be equipped with side walls. You can also purchase a playpen.
Injuries in children from a year
The first steps are difficult for the child, he also needs supervision. There may be falls from the height of one’s own growth. But if this can be prevented, then the presence of stairs and windows in the access of the baby is very traumatic. Therefore, it is worth restricting access to not very high objects.
Children 2 years and older
They can get a concussion without even hitting their head. Symptoms of concussion in a child at this age are more pronounced. And the reasons may even be the usual sharp acceleration or braking. Pediatricians call this the “shaken baby” syndrome. Most often, such a concussion occurs in children from 4 to 5 years. Try not to allow the baby to get too sick and do not take him on a roller coaster at this age.
Signs of a concussion in a child
If in adults the symptoms of concussion are manifested through: loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting, headache, amnesia, then everything is completely different in children, so you should look at the state of the child, and even better when the symptoms and signs of concussion appear in the child, call an ambulance.
Children under one year old. At a very young age, it is very difficult to determine the presence of a concussion in a child. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately after a fall or injury. Children do not lose consciousness, they may have vomiting, nausea, and regurgitation after feeding, which is repeated and repeated several times. Pallor of the skin may also follow, accompanied by all tantrums and drowsiness, loss of appetite. Children 2 years of age and older (preschool children) after an injury can lose consciousness, they can also be nauseous and vomit. But the main symptom is severe headaches, a fast or very slow pulse, unstable pressure, increased sweating. The most terrible consequence of a concussion in the opinion of parents can be post-traumatic blindness. Most often, it manifests itself immediately, but can develop longer. You should not be afraid of such a phenomenon and it is immediately necessary to reassure the child. This phenomenon lasts a maximum of several hours and passes.
However, a long stay in this state without treatment in a child can lead to a deterioration in his well-being. Perhaps after the fall, the child does not immediately begin to feel bad. Any symptoms of concussion in each baby can manifest itself in different ways, in any case, at the first suspicion, it is worth going to traumatology.
First aid for concussion in a child
If symptoms of concussion are detected, then the baby should be taken to a doctor immediately. The best option is to call a doctor at home. Since the child will be picked up and taken to the hospital, where the baby will be tested by a neurosurgeon and a neurologist. Such verification will not be superfluous. Even the most minor symptoms can cause a more severe head injury. The absence of a worsened condition after an impact also does not confirm that there is no head injury. They can also appear after a decent amount of time.