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The rate of ESR in the blood of a child. Reasons for low and high ESR

When diagnosing diseases, doctors check the rate of ESR in the blood of a child. Not many people know what ESR is and how this indicator reflects the state of human health. However, this analysis is able to find out about the presence of serious diseases in the early stages. What is ESR and why can it deviate from the norm in children? What is the norm of ESR in the blood of a child from zero to 18 years in the table.

The norm of ESR in the blood of a child:
Content:
ESR – what is it? How is ESR measured?
Table 1: Norm of ESR in children from 0 to a year
Table 2: The norm of ESR in a child from one year to 18 years
Why is ESR increased?
Reasons for lower ESR
False ESR and other symptoms
ESR stands for erythrocyte sedimentation rate. As you know, blood consists of two parts: liquid – plasma and dense – red blood cells. During the analysis, the child is taken blood from a vein or from a finger, placed in a measuring tube and diluted with a special drug that blocks blood coagulation. Then they monitor the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, measuring it in millimeters per hour. This result is the ESR.

It is important to know that for each age has its own ESR rate. In a newborn child, the ESR norm changes literally in a few days, so the indicators can vary dramatically. In an adult, the norm changes only in special cases, for example, pregnancy and taking medications.

ESR rate in a child up to a year
ESR can vary from many factors, for example, from the emotional state of the child. That is why the norm range is so wide. The following is the ESR rate in a child from birth to one year.

Age of the child Norm of ESR (mm. / Hour)
From 0 to 5 days From 1 to 2.7
5 days to 9 days 2 to 4
9 days to 2 weeks 4 to 9
1 month 3 to 6
From 2 months to six months From 5 to 8
From 7 months to 1 year From 4 to 10
ESR rate from 1 year to 18 years
Age of the child Norm of ESR (mm. / Hour)
1 to 2 years 5 to 9
2 to 5 years 5 to 12
3 to 8 years old 6 to 11 years old
9 to 12 years old 3 to 10
From 13 to 15 years old From 7 to 12
From 16 to 18 years old From 7 to 14
Reasons for increasing ESR in a child
Increased ESR in a child is an occasion to turn to a medical examination. However, in order to make an accurate diagnosis, one indicator of ESR is not enough, it is important to take into account other symptoms.

An increase in ESR may indicate the presence of some kind of inflammatory process or a serious disease. But not always a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate indicates a disease. An increase in ESR can be affected by:

Lack of vitamins – vitamin deficiency;
Teething;
Overexcited nervous system;
Taking certain medications;
Changes in diet;
Helminthiasis (worms).
If all these factors are excluded, then the presence of a disease may indicate an increase in ESR. The reasons for the increase in ESR include:

Infection;
Allergy;
Oncological diseases;
Hormonal disbalance;
Injury or burn;
Diabetes;
Anemia.
Causes of low ESR in a child
In medical practice, a decrease in ESR is much less common than its increase. Reduce the erythrocyte sedimentation rate can:

Heart diseases;
Hemophilia (anemia)
Body exhaustion or dehydration;
Impaired liver function;
Autoimmune diseases;
Circulatory disturbance;
Changes in acid-base balance in the body.
It’s important to know!
analiz_krovi
Sometimes the test results may be false. This is due to the fault of other factors that affect the speed of red blood cells. These include:

Excess weight;
Recent hepatitis B vaccination;
Intake of vitamin A;
Kidney problems.
The increase or decrease in ESR itself has no symptoms. The child can feel quite normal when the ESR deviates from the norm. Each concomitant disease has its own symptoms, which are worth paying attention to:

Thirst, increased water and frequent urination can be a symptom of diabetes.
Enlarged lymph nodes, weakness and decreased immunity can be a sign of oncology.
Chest pain and cough with changes in the ESR norm indicate tuberculosis.
Viruses and infections are accompanied by: fever, headaches, shortness of breath.
Sometimes increased or decreased ESR is simply an individual feature of the child.
After treatment of the disease, which was accompanied by a change in ESR, you should not run to do a second analysis. ESR can come back to normal 1-2 months.

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