Rotavirus: signs in children
What are the signs of rotovirus in children? The baby may have strange symptoms in which the parent may suspect the disease. Feeling sick can be caused by rotaviruses. Most often, children under 5 years of age become infected with it. At first glance, it may seem that the child has caught a cold or ate something wrong. Often, rotovirus signs in children are just such. Later doubts begin to creep in, that the matter is not in food. The condition of the child begins to worsen. If adults can get the disease out, then complications can be avoided. Infection with the virus is seasonal. In Russia, outbreaks are observed from November to April. Among patients with this diagnosis there are more boys.
Interestingly, the spelling “rotovirus” is often used in colloquial speech and writing. In medical terminology, the disease is designated “rotavirus infection”, from the name of the viruses by which it is caused.
According to RIA Novosti, from 2020 vaccinations against rotavirus will become mandatory. She will be added to the national vaccination calendar for children.
Rotovirus: signs in a child
The first signs of a rotovirus in a child are manifested by the acute onset of the disease. Especially noticeable are the reactions from the intestinal tract, the work of the digestive tract. The incubation period lasts from 1 day to 5 days. The acute period lasts from 3 days to a week, in severe cases it lasts longer. Recovery does not occur instantly. Symptoms subside gradually in 4-5 days.
Rotovirus signs in a child:
High temperature (not always).
Temperatures can rise above 39ºC.
Loss of appetite.
A child may begin to refuse even his favorite foods. Eats sluggishly and a little.
Microorganisms affect the digestive tract. The products of their vital activity lead to intoxication.
The stool on the third day becomes a specific, gray-yellow color. The consistency is liquid or clay. Diarrhea usually occurs 5 to 20 times a day.
The liquid turns brown, possibly with blood.
Pain in the abdomen.
Cramps, bloating, flatulence are observed.
Abundant discharge of colorless liquid.
Red throat, cough.
It hurts a child to swallow even saliva. Barking cough.
Food does not have time to digest, the body loses strength. The activity of harmful microorganisms also affects.
Due to the fact that the body rejects food and quickly removes it, during the period of the illness the child loses weight.
Vomiting and diarrhea lead to dehydration. There should be a child anyway. It is necessary to ensure that the patient drank the right amount of water to maintain water balance.
Rotavirus infection in a child: symptoms without fever
In a child, rotavirus infection is not always accompanied by symptoms with fever. Symptoms and the development of the disease can occur with an increase in symptoms. They can replace each other. For example, first have the manifestations characteristic of ARVI: runny nose, redness of the eyes, cough. That is why the disease is often called “intestinal flu,” although rotavirus has nothing in common with these viruses. Rotavirus infection in a child has symptoms similar to many diseases. Because of this, parents begin to treat the child incorrectly: from poisoning, from the common cold. Breastfeeding mothers are less likely to become infected. It’s all about the antibodies that they get from mom. They are able to protect against viruses.
To prevent infection with rotavirus infection, a special vaccination can be given to the child. Consult a specialist.
What to do to parents
Rotavirus infection in a child most often requires hospitalization. This is a serious disease that is progressing rapidly. Diarrhea and a serious condition exhaust the body. The child is weakening in front of the eyes and the body can not resist the viruses. Parents should call an ambulance and describe in detail the condition of the crumbs. In the first stages, you need to eliminate severe symptoms, but you can do this at home. For example, lower the temperature, give painkillers, enterosorbents. Use the drugs prescribed by your pediatrician for such cases. Read more in the article on the treatment regimen of rotavirus.
A doctor cannot make an accurate diagnosis without tests. It is necessary to donate blood, feces, urine. Diagnosis is by bacteriological culture.
After recovery in children, resistance to these viruses increases. When the baby is recovering, carefully introduce milk into the diet. Intestinal flora may not yet be ready to deal with lactose. It happens in a child with a single or double diarrhea.
Watch a video on rotavirus.