How to recognize rickets: signs in children
Symptoms of rickets in children are caused by a violation of phosphorus-calcium metabolism. In this case, the musculoskeletal system is affected, defects in the internal organs are detected. There is a decline in reactivity. The disease does not appear suddenly – it can be recognized and stopped in the early stages. Otherwise, it will affect the overall health of the child and his future physical condition. Rickets disrupts the development of crumbs in many aspects, including growth. The disease deforms the structure of the bones. Most often, the disease affects children aged 3 months to 2 years. Therefore, during this period, you need to especially monitor the baby’s nutrition.
Rickets in a child occurs due to a deficiency of vitamin D. During the period of active growth, the body especially needs it. If it is not enough, then the lag on many points begins. You can recognize and stop the disease in the early stages. Most mothers are scared if a pediatrician finds signs of rickets in a child. Should I panic right away? What to do to prevent ailment? To answer these questions, you should understand the nature of the disease.
How to recognize rickets: signs in children
Depending on the growth rate of individual bones and the load on them, various symptoms are noticeable at different ages. The first stages can be detected by analyzing the structure of the skull. The pathology is called craniotabes – with it the occipital bone can be squeezed with your fingers, like a rubber ball. Bone tissue loses its usual hardness and structure, turning into a soft substance. Experts recommend observing the position in which the child is sleeping. The side of the head on which the baby sleeps most often can change. It becomes flattened, flat.
In connection with the growth of bone tissue, the frontal sections increase, the parietal bones become tuberous, and a square skull develops. Rickets in a child can be diagnosed by an irregular shape of the head – this is especially evident in infancy, when hair does not hide it. The second important sign is late teething. The process may be late. On the ribs there are characteristic swelling.
It’s not so difficult for parents to notice rickets in time – the signs in children appear clearly, and it is almost impossible to confuse them with another disease. The main symptoms of rickets in children include:
various chest defects;
sweating of hands, feet and head;
sour smell of sweat;
weak muscle tone;
hair loss, especially in the neck, up to the formation of bald patches.
You can also observe a change in posture or position of the spine. It will be different from the norm. Especially if the baby started trying to plant early. For girls, the disease can affect in the future. Rickets affects the development of bones, including the pelvic. Therefore, complications during childbirth are possible. The legs can bend with a wheel or, conversely, in the form of the letter “x” or “o”.
Some changes are even more dangerous. In advanced stages, the symptoms of rickets in children may include bilateral flattening of the chest, protrusion of the sternum (chicken breast). All this affects breathing, and can lead to respiratory failure.
In addition to visual inspection, a number of examinations are necessary to diagnose the disease. To confirm the diagnosis, laboratory and radiological studies are needed. Rickets is not just a bone pathology. Muscle tissue, ligaments, joints are weakened. Anemia, constipation is observed. All organs and systems of the body suffer – the liver and spleen become larger in size. The baby often gets sick with infectious diseases of the respiratory system.
Prevention of rickets in a child
First of all, you need to be attentive to hygiene. Take special care of your diet. It must be balanced so that the crumb receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals for full development. It is advised to do massages, there are special therapies for therapeutic exercises. Favorably affects the adoption of salt, coniferous baths. Often walk in the fresh air and ventilate the room twice. Ask your pediatrician what vitamins are right for your baby. In some cases, children cannot get all the nutrients from food alone. Therefore, you have to get additional support from the pharmacy. You can find the rating of vitamins for children by age. Perhaps among them there are suitable for the baby. Be sure to consult with a specialist before buying.
For premature babies, prevention should start two weeks earlier, however, only a pediatrician determines the duration of vitamin intake and dose. We must not forget about the daily sunbathing, because this is an important part of the prevention of rickets. If there is the slightest suspicion of rickets, the signs in children become noticeable, you need to contact a pediatrician as soon as possible. Better suspicions be vain than you miss the onset of the disease.