Symptoms of diabetes in a child
Diabetes mellitus in a child is manifested by the same symptoms. There are 4 types of disease, 1 and 2 are the most famous and widespread. MODY diabetes is rare, and gestational diabetes is only in pregnant women. To determine exactly the type of ailment and begin treatment, you need to contact an endocrinologist. Even the doctor will not be able to establish the type of disease without a test. Therefore, trying to find out the diagnosis at home is pointless. But you need to read what are the symptoms of diabetes in a child. So you can start treatment on time.
Symptoms of diabetes in a child: a list
The child may have symptoms of diabetes at any age. Most often, the first signs appear in 5-8 years, as well as during puberty. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the disease develops rapidly. Parents can even name the exact week when they notice a change.
The main symptoms of diabetes in a child:
Frequent urination. Caused by increased osmotic pressure of urine. This happens when glucose is dissolved in it, although in a healthy person glucose cannot be in the urine. An additional factor – more water began to flow into the body. Accordingly, the child began to run more often to the toilet “on a small one.” Urine may become colorless. Usually parents notice that the baby began to get up in the toilet at night. It happens that in the morning the bed is wet, the baby is written. In this case, the spots are not usually colored, but “starchy” sticky.
Thirst. The child began to drink more than usual. The body needs to replenish the fluid balance so that there is no dehydration. Indeed, due to osmotic pressure, it rapidly loses fluid. If thirst attacks are not frequent, then it is most likely a matter of nutrition. Perhaps for dinner there was something salty, spicy or sweet. But if heavy drinking has become systemic, then this is an occasion to think.
She really wants to eat. Usually mothers are happy when the child begins to want to eat. There is a “wolf appetite.”
Weight loss. A child can begin to lose weight rapidly or gradually, but confidently, despite the fact that he eats well.
Secondary symptoms appear later. It may seem to parents that they do not so explicitly indicate this disease and may look for a reason elsewhere. In any case, you need to visit a specialist.
Itchy skin, itching on the mucous membranes;
weakness in the body, lethargy;
wounds, cuts heal poorly, oozing for a long time.
These symptoms in a child are observed with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Begin treatment immediately. The disease is fraught with complications.
The cause of diabetes
The causes and prerequisites for the development of diabetes can be different. The most basic is heredity. It is because of the genetic predisposition that there is a chance that something can provoke diabetes (hereinafter referred to as diabetes) in a child.
For example, type 1 diabetes can trigger a viral disease: cytomegalovirus, measles, mumps, enterovirus infection. Also at risk are babies who are born weighing more than 4.5 kg. Increases the likelihood of diabetes, weak immunity, a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity. Overweight children are more likely to become diabetics.
Some experts note that the culprits may be:
syndromes associated with genetic abnormalities.