Chickenpox in a child
Gradually, the child’s social circle expands and chickenpox can visit the child. An acute viral disease is transmitted by airborne droplets. It is very difficult to get infected through objects, as the virus dies outside the body in 10 minutes. Recognizing chickenpox is easy. The main thing is to know the rules of treatment and measures that will prevent complications. Chickenpox in a child is most often observed in children aged from six months to 7 years. You can get infected easily, so it is extremely difficult to exclude the disease. The kid attends kindergarten, playgrounds, school. Usually people suffer a disease once in a lifetime. But in the event of a decline in immunity, the disease may come again. Secondly, chickenpox in a child occurs after operations, a severely transferred disease, vitamin deficiency, during the period of acclimatization. How to recognize chickenpox and how to treat it, we learn from the article.
Chickenpox in children symptoms and treatment;
Signs of the disease;
Chickenpox in children treatment;
Is it possible to bathe a child with chickenpox.
Chickenpox in children symptoms and treatment
The topic of chickenpox in children should be divided into symptoms and treatment. We will consider them separately below. You can get infected from a person who has not yet manifested external signs of the disease before the period when he begins to fall off the crust from the spots. Chickenpox in children: symptoms and treatment, consequences – all adults should know. The disease is tolerated in different ways. Some do not even have fever and itching, while others are many times harder. There are complications in the form of pneumonia, lymphadenitis, encephalitis. But this applies to the bullous, gangrenous and hemorrhagic forms of the disease.
In the US, parents have “chicken parties.” When one child falls ill, others can come to visit. It is believed that chickenpox is easier to carry in childhood.
This tradition has passed to Russia. But keep in mind that the child may not be ready to transfer the disease easily. For example, with weakened immunity. There is another way: vaccination. Ask your pediatrician how rational it is to vaccinate your baby. This will eliminate the risk of getting sick suddenly. For example, being on a trip or a children’s camp. From 2020, the chickenpox vaccine will be listed on the national childhood vaccination calendar. This means that it will become mandatory.
Chickenpox in a child
Chickenpox in a child has the following symptoms:
The incubation period lasts from 5 to 14 days. This is the moment when the virus is in the body, a child can infect others, but there are still no visible signs.
The prodromal period usually takes 1 to 2 days. Body temperature rises, appetite is lost, the child sweats a lot. He begins to act up. Less common in children is vomiting or headache.
The appearance of a rash. It happens in waves: at first some rashes appear, after a while a new wave follows them. Most often, spots appear first on the skin, and then can go on to the mucous membrane. Interestingly, the spots do not appear on the palms and feet. During rashes, the temperature may rise.
Chickenpox in a child: signs and development of a rash
In short, the process of the appearance of a rash can be characterized: spots> blisters> crusts.
First there is one spot that itches. Many parents and children think that this is an insect bite: mosquito, flea, ant. Then new pink rashes appear. The spots have a diameter of 2-4 mm. After a few hours, a bubble of liquid forms at the spot. It is transparent in color, watery. A day or three days may pass and the bubble bursts and becomes covered with a red or brown crust. She falls away on her own. New spots may appear rarely, or may every day.
There are a number of diseases that manifest as itchy rashes on the body. Chicken pox is sometimes called a variety of lichen. But in fact, lichen is a collective name for various diseases that appear on the skin.
Do not let the child comb the stains. Through combing, infection can get. Wounds can heavily overgrow and remain scarred on the body. It is better to eliminate intolerable pruritus with drugs. Ask your pediatrician which antihistamine is right for your baby.
Chickenpox in children treatment
Treatment of chickenpox in children can take place at home and in hospital. The latter is necessary for complications or an atypical form. See your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. He will prescribe medications that will alleviate severe symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. When confirming the diagnosis, limit communication with other children who have not yet had chickenpox. It should be borne in mind that for each baby, the disease can proceed differently.
Chickenpox in children: treatment step by step
The specialist prescribes antiviral agents: glycyrrhizic acid or acyclovir. At a temperature – antipyretic (most often paracetamol). Do not give baby aspirin to lower the temperature. It is with chickenpox, this medicine is contraindicated – they are not compatible. The liver may not cope with the load.